THE TABULATA PERYODIQ OF SANTHARIA

GAEZ PERYODIQA (WIND)
- YRTH PERYODIQA (EARTH) - AQUIA PERYODIQA (WATER)
IGNUPYR PERYODIQA (FIRE)

The ‘Tabula Peryodiq’ of Santharia represent those substances of matter in solid, gaseous, or liquid form as they are known to the sentient beings of the Kingdom.

All substances belong to one of the four elemental categories – the most commonly-agreed upon have been used, as there is still much dispute among alchemists as to the exact classifications. Where there are two names given, the first is Gnomic or Tharian, the second the so-called Terran nomenclature.

Please see the Tabula Elemene’s index page for the ‘Great Diamante’, which shows many (if not all) common substances in relationship to each other as gnomish alchemists have classified them within the Trej Blaks (three of our four Elements. Gnomes consider Fire as a fourth grouping but less important than the other three). Some Trigusteme (practical, or applied) alchemists have adopted two broad categories for substances: aceeds (AH-seeds - ‘peaks’) or alchalines (AL-kal-eye-nez - ‘vales’).

These Gnomic words are used to describe an esoteric way in which the fluid forms of the substances interact with each other on a peculiar sliding scale, and in which, for some mysterious reason, the centre or ‘balance point’ is defined by – of all things – purple kail. Common natron and saleratys are also set at the centre of this scale; for further details we suggest you contact your local gnomish alchemist.

Broadly, however, aceeds seem to be substances from which the human (or gnomish) body detects a burning or sour sensation, while alchalines are ‘softer’. Blood, milk, urine, saliva, and so on are all grouped as alchalines, while wudaigre, kitrauhre juice, Spirit of Etherus, and Baveran aceed (produced when salts are converted to soda ash and the waste product dissolved in water) are all classified as aceeds.

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Most gaseous substances which are known are classed under Air, understandably. You must take our word for it that certain other forms of matter may also fall into this category due to esoteric rules and specifications of gnomish alchemy.

Gnomic/Tharian

Terran

Description
Aer / Aeraeus Air, mainly oxygen Believed to be given off by plants, observed to be consumed by flame, necessary to support life.
Aermatre Mercuric oxide Reddish substance from which aeraeus can be extracted.
Bittergreen / Zharnikh Arsenic, copper arsenate A toxic green substance associated with Arznikh.
Cask-rime Cream of tartar, potassium bitartrate This whitish substance can be scraped from old wine casks and is primarily used with salatyrus as a leavener for bread.
Drakesbreath Helium Extractable from natural gas in swamps and marshes.
Flojiston / Petregaez Nitrogen Not much is known about this gaseous substance except its name; Gnomes are currently performing euxperi to determine more information.
Marsh Miasma / Swampgas  / Peatfarts Mostly methane - also hydrogen, ethane, propane, butane, and pentane, as well as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. (Note: Not all of the gasses mentioned in the Terran column are known, observable or distinguishable in Caelereth!)
Steam Steam Steam (water vapour) - the vapour that water produces when heated. When cooled, it becomes water again, with no change.
Wudaigre Wood vinegar / acetic acid / pyroligneous acid Obtained by dripping water through burnt wood, usually a yellowish-amber mildly aceedic liquid with a tart, flavourful taste which can be used to make or preserve food.
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Still to be added.

Gnomic/Tharian

Terran

Description
Alsetite / Lodestone Native to Caelereth, quasi-magnetite Contains an unusual force which always draws towards the centre of Caelereth. Highly useful in navigation, though more so over earth than water.
Alum
(A mineral salt)
Alum Strongly astringent, found in rounded, opaque crystals. Non-toxic, important in tanning and some culinary applications.
Arznikh / Quer-garlick Arsenic Very poisonous, but recognizable by its strong scent, reminiscent of rotten garlick.
Aurium Native to Caelereth, quasi-gold An expensive golden metal mostly used where the appearance of gold but the strength of steel is required, such as a king's battle helm, or a protective gorget.
Blood-Ore Hematite, iron oxide Rich crimson crumbly ore, one of the sources of iron, the multipurpose workhorse metal.
Brass
(Tin, Copper, Zinc)
Brass An alloy, dull metallic gold colour.
Bronze
(Tin, Copper)
Bronze An 'alloy' (Gnomic "al-oi", or "combination") of a metallic brown colour, inexpensive to produce.
Chalk
(Calcite, limestone)
Chalk There are too many different uses to list for this soft whitish stone, but everyone knows it from their childhood as a rock which can be used to scribe marks on any dark, flat surface.
Copper Copper Rust to orange to coral-coloured metal, easily workable - a common and inexpensive metal of many usages.
Gold Gold A metallic, shiny yellow substance, soft and malleable, considered valuable for its scarcity and resistance to corrosion (from the Gnomic "korrude", "to decay" or "break down"). Used primarily in making jewelry, coinage, tooth substitutes, some magical reagents.
Fyrite Native to Caelereth A pink to orange metal, quite decorative and often used for inlays.
Heme Native to Caelereth A flexible metal which comes in various shades of green, from moss to birch leaf. Also a decorative metal.
Iron Iron
(Takes various forms on Caelereth)
Blue, black, red, white, etc. ores available.
Ithmid Antimony A poisonous metalloid, black but with irridescent shimmers of colour along its surface.
Lead Lead Soft greyish metal, resists corrosion, poisonous.
Mithril Native to Caelereth and Middle-earth - a sort of super-platinum Bright and untarnishable silvery colour, highly resistant, stable, flexible, and so on. No longer actively mined in Sarvonia, or so the Thergerim claim. Extant supplies are almost all made up into weapons, armour, jewelry, crowns, and the like.
Mithrilan
(A mineral salt)
Native to Caelereth A silvery liquid metal - see the entry for further details.
Olibanum / Frankincense Native to Caelereth A type of scented tree resin which can eaten, burned, used as kohl, etc.
Orpiment Yellow arsenic sulphide Poisonous, but an excellent yellow pigment much in demand by artists.
Pewter
(Tin, Copper)
Ithmid/Antimony An alloy, dull silvery-grey colour, soft metal.
Platinum Platinum Strong silvery metal, dissolves in aqua regia but otherwise does not tarnish or wear. Similar to mithril but not as useful.
Royalrock Manganese A peculiar substance which stains a Santhran-purple hue.
Seruse
(white lead, lead carbonate)
Native to Caelereth A flat, pale, spongy substance - also toxic, should be handled with care.
Silver Silver A metallic, shiny greyish substance which tarnishes easily but is useful and not toxic (Gnomic "toxik", meaning "poisonous"). Also commonly used for jewelry and coinage.
Steel
(Tempered Iron)
Steel A stronger form of iron which requires high temperatures, among other conditions, to reproduce.
Stibium Sulphide of antimony This was used as a cosmetic commonly, but alchemists are warning against its use, claiming it is toxic longterm.
Tin Tin White or grey soft inexpensive metal, found in small cubic shapes - often used for pots and cheap "tinware".
Verdigris / Granther-copper Copper carbonate Greenish-blue, or 'aged' form of copper.
Zincum / Draketooth Zinc Soft silvery metal found in sharp crystals.
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Usually, but not always, liquid substances are in this group.

Gnomic/Tharian

Terran

Description
Alcohols Alcohols Produced and distilled in many ways from many organic substances.
Baveran Aceed Muriatic acid / hydrochloric acid Produced by mixing salt with vitriceed.
Camphor Camphor Thick white resinous/waxy substance exuded from certain trees.
Cinnabar Mercury sulphid A grainy scarlet ore found in association with hot springs - poisonous.
Kobald /Gobalt Cobalt Found as a grey-blue flaky ore, usually associated with desert areas, makes a rich blue pigment.
Kohl antimony trisulphide Also known as Stibium, used to darken eyebrows and lashes.
Potash Potash Produced from wood ashes - a strong 'vale' useful in making soap.
Quicksilver Mercury A silvery fluid, produced from cinnabar - poisonous!
Saleratys Sodium bicarbonate, baking soda A whitish powder used as a leaven for breads and other baking.
Salt Salt (sodium chloride) Occurs as rock salt, also produced from distilling seawater.
Spirit of Etherus / Etheric Aceed Acetic acid, vinegar This is similar to Wudaigre or Vinaigre, another type of mild aceed.
Spirits of Pine Turpentine An excellent solvent (from the Gnomic "solv", meaning "to vanish") extracted from tree resins.
Water Water The queen of liquids, and the standard against which all others are measured - a clear and refreshing substance which is surely the gift of the Gods.
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Many of the aceeds are classified in this category, but there are a number of others which also lend themselves to a fire label, whether obviously or otherwise.

Gnomic/Tharian

Terran

Description
Aquia Reghi Nitric and hydrochloric acid See Aquia Vortiz, Baveran Aceed, Karphol-aceed (carbolic acid/phenol – byproduct of coal oxidization, also from benzene) - handle with care!
Aquia Vortiz Nitric acid, nitrogen dioxide A product of combustion, mixed with water. Many of these "combined" elements are unique to the gnomes, who have not shared the exact processes necessary, preferring instead to market them as products.
Ash-aceed / Lye Sodium hydroxide - strongly alkaline Still to be added.
Benza / Gum Benzoin Benzene A colourless, sweet-smelling liquid which burns well.
Bitumen Petroleum Dark, sticky, organic - believed to be vast deposits of dragon fewmets.
Brimstone / Coór's Breath Sulphur Yellow crystal, melts to blood-red liquid, burns blue with a foul aroma.
Ghostine / Luminite Clay / Luminte Wax Unique to Caelereth, some properties of thorium A malleable substance resembling a greasy black clay, which has the characteristic baveran-greenish blue phosphorescence. It can be molded into various shapes but does not dry as genuine clay does, and despite its "wet" texture, burns with an extremely hot, bright light. Useful primarily in very small quantities in glass manufacture, and in the production of some aceeds.
Graphein Graphite, common form of carbon A highly slick black soft material, protects from certain energy discharges, such as magical errors, and can mark on light surfaces rather as chalk does on dark
Ithildin Native to Caelereth and Middle-earth A silvery metal, which phosphoresces (from the Gnomic "phozphor", meaning "glowing") by moonlight.
Kerostone / Coal-oil / Oil Shale Native to Caelereth An oil-impregnated shale or flaky rock, very flammable.
Malthanune Vitrium, vitriol Also known as “Vitrinune”, it appears as bluish-green nodules, slightly reflective but powdery. Very dangerous, do not touch with bare hands!
Pitchblende / Luminite Rock Neo-radium, uraninite / pitchblende Appears as a black rocklike substance with a greasy lustre, in irregular bubbles and bulges. It also gives off a blue-green glow, not visible by daylight. Can be carved like other rocks, but also causes the same skin burns and feeling of sickness.
Querrock / Luminite Metal Neo-plutonium This is a silvery metal which has an irridescent glow ranging from green to blue, and is naturally warm to the touch, in small quantities. It can be melted at very high temperatures and formed into jewelry, which retains its peculiar glow, but prolonged contact has recently been discovered to cause illness: irritation and even burns of the skin, and a feeling of nausea (this illness is known as 'Luminita'ven'suti' in Nybelmar). Soluble in various aceeds, but great care should be taken.
Saltpetre Potassium nitrate Found on cave walls, dungheaps, morjual waste as yellowish-white crystals with a very sharp, salty taste. Do not ask how this was determined.
Torch-ore Magnesium Whitish soft ore, very flammable.
Vitriceed Sulphuric acid Found in mines containing high levels of brimstone and volcanic areas.
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 Date of last edit 31st Frozen Rivers 1668 a.S.

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