PRINCIPLES OF THE GNOMISH TONGUE

SENTENCE STRUCTURE - NOUNS - ADJECTIVES - VERBS

Gnomes have a very simplistic language structure despite their advancement in technology. They have developed a language that meets their need for information quick and easy, easy to transfer and tell. The words they use are, like elvish (Styrásh), very concrete.

The Gnome

View picture in full size Image description: The gnome. Image by Faugar.

Though gnomes do have a sense of beauty and ugliness, such opinion-based words are of little use to a people who want to describe things accurately with concrete detail. The language is also fairly loose. Things can be switched and turned around, but as long as the proper particles are put in where they’re supposed to be, there is no trouble.

Sentence Structure and Particles. As mentioned already, Gnomish is a fairly loose language. Unlike Styrásh, the verb is almost always found on the end, though sometimes informal speak can change this rule. However, for the sake of knowing the proper and formal workings of the language, it should be assumed that you always put the verb at the end. The parts of the sentence, though (the subject, the direct object, prepositions, etc.) are determined by their particle, which comes after them in the sentence.

The Particles

Wer = Subject Fi = with (person)
Kur = Time Ing = Direct Object
Ed = Place/location Der = with the usage of

Examples (the particles are marked with white color below):

Gnomish Gremar wer Gukit kur Huik ed Gimel fi Koip ing Lithig.
Tharian I will see a child at my house at one o’clock with my friend.

Gnomish Gukort kur Lim wer mierg ing kuilm der hirgig.
Tharian At four o’clock, she will write her name with a quill.

The kind of preposition you use depends upon the verb, in some cases. For example, if your verb is girim (meaning "to go"), then your direct object is going to be a place. However, though it’s a place, it is also the direct object of the sentence and that position takes reign over the location particle. Thus, you would use the direct object particle. Gnomish has particles to define what part of speech each word is, but Gnomish has no real articles as in Tharian (e.g. a, the).

Gnomish Gremar wer Huik ing girig.
Tharian I will go to a house.

Wer, defining “is” or “are,” is the only verb that breaks this rule. It also serves as a particle and, because of this, will always follow the subject of the sentence. Because it does not end the sentence nor does the word end with “im” as must verbs do, tense needs to be defined in a completely different way. This is where we get endings that really have no meaning, but are used to denote tense. Take the examples below in which “or” (denotes present tense) and “ik” (denotes past tense) are used.

Gnomish Sograr mundil wer bligin ik.
Tharian Those pants were blue.

Gnomish Lim wer malika or.
Tharian She is beautiful.

There is no future tense ending. Instead, the verb “nikrim” meaning “to become” is used. Return to the top

Nouns. Nouns are always assumed to be singular unless otherwise stated. To make a noun plural, “i” is added to the end of the word. See the examples below:

The Nouns

Til = Bird Tili = Birds
Bris = Bee Brisi = Bees
Gremar = Me/I Gremari = Us/We

To make a noun possessive ("my", "your") you simply add “gin” to it. This can be used for any noun and sometimes even verbs, but that will come in later lessons.

Gnomish Gremar gin tili wer malika or.
Tharian My bird is beautiful.

Gnomish Brog gin elgik wer ghurin ik.
Tharian His pants were green. Return to the top

Adjectives and Adverbs. Almost all adjectives have an adverb counterpart which is gotten by changing the form of the adjective. Most adjectives end in “in”. Some nouns will also end in “in”, so be careful not to get confused. Those that end in “in” can be changed into an adverb by replacing the “in” with “el”. Adjectives and adverbs of this nature do not need particles in the sentence structure, but can stand along within the sentence.

The Adjectives

Kilgin = Quick Kilgel = Quickly
Gronin = Slow Gronel = Slowly

However, not all adjectives work in this manner. There are some that do not end in “in” because the word is (technically) a noun, and in such cases “ka” is added onto the end to put it in a sentence. This changes the noun into an adjective. Words of this nature still have an adverb form, but a special particle is needed to make it act as such. The particle “hu” is used to denote the adjective form, but again, this is only for adjectives that do not end in “in.” It should be noted that just because one can change a word into an adverb doesn’t mean the word is proper.

Special Cases of Adjectives

Beauty = Mali Beatiful = Malika Beautifully = Malihu
Feather = Lele Feathery = Leleka  

Adjectives are connected in a different manner than nouns. For nouns, you can use “tir” to connect them (“Tili tir Brisi,” or “birds and bees”, for example). However, adjectives are connected in a different manner entirely. For “in” adjectives, the “in” is removed and replaced with “ilki” to connect to other adjectives. For adjectives that end in “in” one may simply attach “gih” to the end of the word to connect it to another adjectives.

Connecting Adjectives

Gnomish Sogri til wer kilg ilki leleka gih kilgin.
Tharian That bird is quick, feathery, and red. Return to the top

Verbs. All verbs end in “im” in the dictionary. It is this ending that is changed and manipulated in order to made it past tense, present tense, imperative, future tense, etc. The ending of the last verb in a sentence usually defines the tense of the sentence as a whole. Remember that “wer” is excluded from tenses. See Sentence Structure for more details. In order to make a verb negative, simply add “nin” to the end of it. To make it a question, add "li" to the end.

Simple Verb Forms can be summarized as follows:

Simple Present Tense
In order to change something to present tense, you need to eliminate the “im” suffix and add “or”.
 
Gnomish Lim wer gutornin.
Tharian She doesn’t speak.

Gnomish Gremil halin ing miror li?
Tharian Do you like (the color) purple?

Gnomish Gremar wer tili ing kiglor.
Tharian I hear birds.

Simple Past Tense
For words used in past tense, the ending “im” is replaced with “ik”.
 
Gnomish Gremar wer tili ing kiglik.
Tharian I heard birds.

Gnomish Brog wer shiniknin.
Tharian He didn’t ask.

Gnomish Lim wer stilkik li?
Tharian Did she study?

Simple Future Tense
In order to change a verb to future tense, you eliminate the “im” and add “ig” to the end of the verb.
 
Gnomish Gremar wer tili ing kiglig
Tharian I will hear birds.

Gnomish Gremar wer koligignin.
Tharian I won’t answer/respond.

Gnomish Brog wer huik ing gerig li?
Tharian Will he return home?

Et-Form. In order to change a verb past or present perfect (that is, “has heard”, “had seen”) you need to change the verb into what is called “et-form.” A verb in et-form is actually imperative until the proper ending is added to it to make it past or present perfect. Et-form can also be used to make requests, asking to do something or asking someone else to do something. In order to achieve et-form, all that is required is to delete “im” and replace it with “et”.

The Et-Form

Litim = to see Litet = has seen, had seen
Girim = to go Giret = has gone, had gone
Gutim = to speak Gutet = has spoken, had spoken

Present Perfect, Past Perfect and Imperative Form can be described as follows:

Present Perfect
After twitching the verb to et-form, simply add “or” to the end. This can sometimes be confusing because the verb is actually in past tense when translated. However, its still present perfect and thus gets the present tense suffix.
 
Gnomish Gremar wer tili ing kigletor.
Tharian I have heard birds.

Gnomish Brog gin mourg wer dirketor.
Tharian His cat has died.

Past Perfect
Be careful not to get this mixed up with present tense, as the two are fairly similar. However, after converting the verb to et-form, you add the suffix for past tense, not present. Adding “ik” thus makes it past present tense.
 
Gnomish Lim wer huik ing geretik.
Tharian She had returned home.

Gnomish Brog wer elgik ing bligin bliretik.
Tharian He had dyed his shirt with blue (dye)./ He had dyed his shirt blue.

Imperative Forms
Et-form is, itself, imperative, though if you use just et-form without any suffixes or anything you typically come off rude or harsh. In order to be polite in your asking someone to do something, you merely add “kimmir”. In order to ask if you yourself can do something, you use the ending “wer meein li?”.
 
Gnomish Gremil gin mierg ing hirget kimmir.
Tharian Please write your name.

Gnomish Gremil wer mirin kiga ing taiket kimmir
Tharian Please list/state things (you) like.
(Note: Though the translation is “likable things” and not "things you like", it can be implied by the sentence that likeable things would be things you yourself find enjoyable.)

Gnomish Gutet wer meein li?
Tharian May (I) speak?
(Note: Because this form of request is asking if you can do something, adding you as a subject to the verb is not necessary, but you can certainly add it if you want to. The only time you would need to add it is if you are representing a group. See example below.)
 
Gnomish Gremari wer gremil ing tasuget wer meein li?
Tharian May we help you? Return to the top

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