THE KH'OMCHR'OM TONGUE ("ORCISH")

INTRODUCTION - BASICS - SPOKEN PHONOLOGY - GESTURED PHONOLOGY
PRONOUNS -
VERBS - NOUNS - ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

COMPARISON - POSSESSION

INTRODUCTION

Kh'omchr'om is the common language of the North Sarvonian orcs, used for intertribal communication, and trade. It is by no means their only language; most orcs, in fact, do not even speak Kh'omchr'om, instead speaking their local language. Despite that, it remains a unifying feature of the orcish people throughout the North. Return to the top

BASICS

SPOKEN PHONOLOGY

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PHONOLOGY OVERVIEW
Vowels Consonants
/a/ written as "a" /l/ written as "l"
/e/ written as "e" /m/ written as "m"
/i/ written as either "i" or "y" /n/ written as "n"
/o/ written as "o" /p/ written as "p"
/u/ written as "u" /pʰ/ written as "ph"
Consonants /ŋ/ written as "ng"
/ʔ/ written as "'" /q/ written as "q"
/b/ written as "b" /ʁ/ written as "r"
/bʱ/ written as "bh" /ɹ/ written as "rr", or sometimes "rh"
/d/ written as "d" /s/ written as "s"
/dʱ/ written as "dh" /ʃ/ written as "sh", or sometimes "sz"
/dʒ/ written as "j" /t/ written as "t"
/f/ written as "f" /tʰ/ written as "th"
/g/ written as "g" /tʃ/ written as "ch"
/ɡʱ/ written as "gh" /v/ written as "v"
/h/ written as "h" /w/ written as "w"
/j/ written as "y" /x/ written as "ck"
/k/ sometimes written as "c" or also "k" /z/ written as "z" Return to the top
/kʰ/ written as "kh"  
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GESTURED PHONOLOGY

Kh'omchr'om's gestural phonemes are just as important in the language as the spoken ones are. Each of the gestures is divided into four dimensions:

Along each of those dimensions, there are just a few options, allowing each gesture to be catalogued.

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GESTURE CATEGORIES
Low Close Middle Grasped
      Rounded
High Far Side Open Return to the top
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Each of those gestures can be identified by a four letter sequence, with each letter standing for each of the dimensions. For instance a gesture which is low and far from the core, to the side, and with a rounded hand, would be written as "LFSR". They are typically written after the word, but they are signed at the same time as their proceeding word is being spoken.

Thus, there is a set number (24) possible gesture radicals. They, and their instructions, can be found in the table below.

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GESTURE RADICALS
Gesture Description
LCMG low hand, close to the body, middle of the body, grasped hand
LCMR low hand, close to the body, middle of the body, rounded hand
LCMO  low hand, close to the body, middle of the body, open hand
LCSG low hand, close to the body, side of body, grasped hand
LCSR low hand, close to the body, side of body, rounded hand
LCSO low hand, close to the body, side of body, open hand
LFMG low hand, far from the body, middle of the body, grasped hand
LFMR low hand, far from the body, middle of the body, rounded hand
LFMO low hand, far from the body, middle of the body, open hand
LFSG low hand, far from the body, side of body, grasped hand
LFSR low hand, far from the body, side of body, rounded hand
LFSO low hand, far from the body, side of body, open hand
HCMG high hand, close to the body, middle of the body, grasped hand
HCMR high hand, close to the body, middle of the body, rounded hand
HCMO high hand, close to the body, middle of the body, open hand
HCSG high hand, close to the body, side of body, grasped hand
HCSR high hand, close to the body, side of body, rounded hand
HCSO high hand, close to the body, side of body, open hand
HFMG high hand, far from the body, middle of the body, grasped hand
HFMR high hand, far from the body, middle of the body, rounded hand
HFMO high hand, far from the body, middle of the body, open hand
HFSG high hand, far from the body, side of body, grasped hand
HFSR high hand, far from the body, side of body, rounded hand
HFSO high hand, far from the body, side of body, open hand
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These can be composed, like the spoken phonemes, into sequences. Those are not typically used in mainstream Kh'omchr'om, but are sometimes used in Kh'omchr'om's dialects. Return to the top

PRONOUNS

Kh'omchr'om uses gestures to express its twelve pronouns.

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GESTURE RADICALS
Gesture Pronoun
LCMG singular 1st person pronoun
LCMO plural 1st person pronoun
LCSG singular 3rd person pronoun #1
LCSO plural 3rd person pronoun #1
LFMG singular 2nd person pronoun
LFMO plural 2nd person pronoun
LFSG singular 3rd person pronoun #2
LFSO plural 3rd person pronoun #2
HCSG singular 3rd person pronoun #3
HCSO plural 3rd person pronoun #3
HFSG singular 3rd person pronoun #4
HFSO plural 3rd person pronoun #4
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Each of these pronouns can be used in exactly the same place that nouns can be used in Kh'omchr'om, except that it is signed during the speaking of the preceeding word. Each of the third person pronouns can be used in a context to identify different objects. For example,
   
    Uon LCMG LCSG. - I see it.
    LCSG kroch. - It is good.
    Uon LCMG LFSG. - I see another thing. (or literally) I see it.
   
LFSG ashz. - The second thing is noble. (again literally) It is noble.

It this context, the thing that was first seen that is good, and the second, completely different thing is noble.

 In addition, due to the lack of determiners in Kh'omchr'om, pronouns are used for that purpose. They are used as adjectives to describe the noun being determined. For instance,

    Arq LCMO mar LCSG. - We hit that wolf.
    Nom oc LCSO ar h'rok. - Those orcs are eating some of the horse.
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VERBS

Kh'omchr'om does not distinguish between tenses, like Styrásh or Tharian. Instead, it distinguishes based on aspect and mood.

Each of the moods in Kh'omchr'om refers to what kind of event the verb refers to. It can refer to something that definitely happened, as in the indicative, or something that is commanded to happen, as in the imperative.

Kh'omchr'om does not conjugate verbs in any context. Verbs are always used in the root, raw form. In contexts where the object of the verb is another verb, such as in the usage of the verb "pak" meaning "to wait", the verb alone is used, For example,

    Pak oc nom. - The orc is waiting to eat.

When the verb being used as an infinitive in Tharian itself takes an object it is translated using the standard order. For example,

    Pak oc nom h'rok. - The orc is waiting to eat the horse.

If the subject is different, it can be done using the typical order. For instance,

    Pak oc nom cha h'rok - The orc is waiting for the female to eat the horse.

 Voice, as in passive or active, can be translated using the affixes "k'" and "'u". The active voice rarely requires additional markers, such as,

    Nom cha. - The woman eats.
    B'rak oc. - The orc declares war.

Yet in some contexts, the active does use the prefix "k'". It is used with a transitive verb to refer to verbs that would typically take a direct object, but do not in the context. For instance,

    K'uon LCMG. - I see something.
    K'arq LCSO. - They hit something.

On the other hand, the passive involves the usage of the suffix "'u". For instance,

    Uon'u LFMG. - You are being seen.
    Arq'u h'rok oc. - The horse is hit by the orc.

Note that without the affix "'u", the phrase would mean "The horse hits the orc".
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NOUNS

Nouns in Kh'omchr'om are not declined for gender, number, definiteness, or case. For instance the word "oc", can mean "an orc", "some orcs", "the orc", or "the orcs". It can be used interchangebly for any role in a sentence. Despite that, in some contexts the preposition "ar" is used to mark the partitive. For example,

    Rat LCSG ar yrr'la'h'rok. - He has some milk of horse.

The usage of "ar" stresses the fact that that the subject of that phrase does not have all of the milk of horse, just some of it. Therefore, the following is also correct.

    Rat LCSG yrr'la'hrok. - He has the milk of horse. Return to the top

ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

 Adjectives in Kh'omchr'om generally follow the noun they describe. For some examples,

    Shan wrosz. - The lake is cold.
   
Urdan oc hef itus ha'akh. - The large orc destroys the tall tree.

When more than one adjective is used to describe a single noun, the adjectives are used in series. There is no particular order for doing this.

    Ogm LCSO gob wrosz ghun. - They move into the cold, cursed cave.
    Ogm LCSO gob ghun wrosz. - They move into the cold, cursed cave. (or literally) They move into the cursed cold cave.

Kh'omchr'om does not make the distinction between adjectives and adverbs. Instead the difference can be seen in the order. For instance,

    Ogm sa'ak tak. - The boar moves quickly.
    Ogm tak sa'ak. - The quick boar moves.

 However, there is a set of irregular adjectives that precede the noun they describe. They are listed below.

To use these words, the following is done.

    Arq LCMO m'oc. - I hit the non-orc
    Rat-HFMR y'oc h'rok. - Young orcs always have horses

Yet when the sentence does not have a verb, where in the Tharian the verb "to be" would be used, the object being described still comes first, as is regular. For instance,

    Y'haz. - The guard is weak.
    LCMG m'y'oc. - I am not a young orc.

These, again, can be used as adverbs, as well as adjectives.

    Y'b'rak LCSO oc. - They weakly declare war on the orcs.
    Haz oc m'ha'akh. - The guard is not a tall orc.
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COMPARISON

 To compare objects to one another, Kh'omchr'om uses the gesture HCMG, signed during the noun being described. It can be translated as the word "more". For instance,

    Haz saak-HCMG ar oc. - The guard is quicker than the orc. (or literally) Guard quick-more of orc.
    Oc-HFMR dak-HCMG ar cha. - Orcs are (always) more violent than women.

On the other hand, to form a superlative the gesture is used twice, both signed while the word is being spoken. As an example,

    LCSG HCMG-kroch-HCMG. - He is the best.
    Ogm HCMG-losh-HCMG gob. - The truest moved into the cave.
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POSSESSION

The possession of objects is express in Kh'omchr'om in two ways:

 Date of last edit 16th Dead Tree 1673 a.S.

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