Kh'omchr'om is the common language of the North Sarvonian orcs, used for intertribal communication, and trade. It is by no means their only language; most orcs, in fact, do not even speak Kh'omchr'om, instead speaking their local language. Despite that, it remains a unifying feature of the orcish people throughout the North.
Kh'omchr'om uses gestures to convey grammatical ideas. Many grammatical ideas are conveyed entirely through gestures, which are explained in the Phonology section.
Kh'omchr'om is somewhat agglutinative. That is to mean, a variety of morphemes can be combined to make larger ones, to form what in Tharian be a very big word
Kh'omchr'om does not have a copula. Unlike many other languages, Kh'omchr'om does not use a copula, like Tharian verb "to be" or Stryásh's "styrán". Instead, adjectives and subjects are just placed next to each other. For instance, the phrase "The guard is good" can be translated as just "Haz kroch", literally meaning "Guard good".
Kh'omchr'om is a VSO (verb-subject-object) language. That means that the verb starts the sentence, then the subject and then the object. For instance, the phrase "The orc hits the warg", would be translated into Kh'omchr'om as "Arq oc morgur", which can be literally translated as "Hit orc warg". The word order is strict; if the order of the words is changed, it changes the meaning. For example, if you switched "oc" and "morgur" in the example, into the sentence "Arq morgur oc", it would mean "The warg hits the orc ". The same is true for when pronouns are used. The phrase "They eat the horse" would be translated as "Nom LCSO h'rok", never "Nom h'rok LCSO".
Kh'omchr'om's gestural phonemes are just as important in the language as the spoken ones are. Each of the gestures is divided into four dimensions:
Along each of those
dimensions, there are just a few options, allowing each gesture to be
Each of those gestures can
be identified by a four letter sequence, with each letter standing for each of
the dimensions. For instance a gesture which is low and far from the core, to
the side, and with a rounded hand, would be written as "LFSR". They are
typically written after the word, but they are signed at the same time as their
proceeding word is being spoken.
Thus, there is a set number (24) possible gesture radicals. They, and their instructions, can be found in the table below.
These can be composed, like the spoken phonemes, into sequences. Those are not typically used in mainstream Kh'omchr'om, but are sometimes used in Kh'omchr'om's dialects.
Kh'omchr'om uses gestures to express its twelve pronouns.
Each of these pronouns can
be used in exactly the same place that nouns can be used in Kh'omchr'om, except
that it is signed during the speaking of the preceeding word. Each of the third
person pronouns can be used in a context to identify different objects. For
Uon LCMG LCSG. - I see it.
LCSG kroch. - It is good.
Uon LCMG LFSG. - I see another thing. (or literally) I see it.
LFSG ashz. - The second thing is noble. (again literally) It is noble.
It this context, the thing that was first seen that is good, and the second, completely different thing is noble.
In addition, due to the lack of determiners in Kh'omchr'om, pronouns are used for that purpose. They are used as adjectives to describe the noun being determined. For instance,
mar LCSG. - We hit that wolf.
Nom oc LCSO ar h'rok. - Those orcs are eating some of the horse.
Kh'omchr'om does not distinguish between
tenses, like Styrásh or Tharian.
Instead, it distinguishes based on aspect and mood.
Each of the moods in Kh'omchr'om refers to what kind of event the verb refers to. It can refer to something that definitely happened, as in the indicative, or something that is commanded to happen, as in the imperative.
mood is used to refer to things that definitely happened, are happening or
will happen. "I jumped", "Fire is hot", and "Water is running in the
river" are all examples of the indicative in Tharian. It is the default,
unmarked mood. For some examples,
Nom LCMO h'rok. - We eat the horse.
H'rrimt LFMO. - You are (plural) stopping.
Within the indicative mood, there are two aspects. Each of the aspects marks a perspective on time, either a particular point, as in the episodic, or over all time, as in the gnomic.
* The episodic aspect refers to things that are happening in a particular situation at a particular time. "I jump", "They ate", and "He will go over there" are all examples in Tharian that would be translated using the episodic. The episodic is not marked by gestures in Kh'omchr'om; it is implicit in non-marked verbs. For example,
Hnk oc. - The orc bites.
Nom LCSO h'rok. - They eat the horse.
* The gnomic aspect refers to things that are generally true, and are broadly applicable. "People need to eat", and "Fish swim and birds fly." are some examples in Tharian. The gesture HFMR is used to mark this aspect. For some examples,
Rat-HFMR morgur m'ruk. - Wargs (always) have fangs.
Khq-HFMR ngangz. - Archers (always) fight.
Resz-HFMR ghun. - Tombs are (always) cursed.
mood is generally used for commands, and instructions, but also in
Kh'omchr'om the future. "Go over there!", "Let's walk", and "Chop the
onion!" are all examples of the imperative mood. The gesture HFMO is used
to express this mood.
Arq-HFMO LFMO h'rok! - Hit the horse!
(Note the pronoun there, "LFMO", which marks the sentence as being a 2nd person plural command. The imperative is also used in Kh'omchr'om to express particular events in the future.)
Arq-HFMO LCSG h'rok. - (Literally) Him! Hit the horse. (But really means) He will hit the horse.
Kh'omchr'om does not conjugate verbs in
any context. Verbs are always used in the root, raw form. In contexts
where the object of the verb is another verb, such as in the usage of the
verb "pak" meaning "to wait", the verb alone is used, For example,
Pak oc nom. - The orc is waiting to eat.
When the verb being used as an infinitive in Tharian itself takes an object it is translated using the standard order. For example,
Pak oc nom h'rok. - The orc is waiting to eat the horse.
If the subject is different, it can be done using the typical order. For instance,
Pak oc nom cha h'rok - The orc is waiting for the female to eat the horse.
Voice, as in passive or active, can
be translated using the affixes "k'" and "'u". The active voice rarely
requires additional markers, such as,
Nom cha. - The woman eats.
B'rak oc. - The orc declares war.
Yet in some contexts, the active does use the prefix "k'". It is used with a transitive verb to refer to verbs that would typically take a direct object, but do not in the context. For instance,
K'uon LCMG. - I see
K'arq LCSO. - They hit something.
On the other hand, the passive involves
the usage of the suffix "'u". For instance,
Uon'u LFMG. - You are being seen.
Arq'u h'rok oc. - The horse is hit by the orc.
Note that without the affix "'u", the phrase would mean "The horse hits the orc".
Nouns in Kh'omchr'om are not declined for
gender, number, definiteness, or case. For instance the word "oc", can
mean "an orc", "some orcs", "the orc", or "the orcs". It can be used
interchangebly for any role in a sentence. Despite that, in some contexts
the preposition "ar" is used to mark the partitive. For example,
Rat LCSG ar yrr'la'h'rok. - He has some milk of horse.
The usage of "ar" stresses the fact that that the subject of that phrase does not have all of the milk of horse, just some of it. Therefore, the following is also correct.
Rat LCSG yrr'la'hrok. - He has the milk of horse.
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
Adjectives in Kh'omchr'om generally follow the noun they describe. For some examples,
wrosz. - The lake is cold.
Urdan oc hef itus ha'akh. - The large orc destroys the tall tree.
When more than one adjective is used to describe a single noun, the adjectives are used in series. There is no particular order for doing this.
gob wrosz ghun. - They move into the cold, cursed cave.
Ogm LCSO gob ghun wrosz. - They move into the cold, cursed cave. (or literally) They move into the cursed cold cave.
Kh'omchr'om does not make the distinction between adjectives and adverbs. Instead the difference can be seen in the order. For instance,
tak. - The boar moves quickly.
Ogm tak sa'ak. - The quick boar moves.
However, there is a set of irregular adjectives that precede the noun they describe. They are listed below.
To use these words, the following is done.
m'oc. - I hit the non-orc
Rat-HFMR y'oc h'rok. - Young orcs always have horses
Yet when the sentence does not have a verb, where in the Tharian the verb "to be" would be used, the object being described still comes first, as is regular. For instance,
The guard is weak.
LCMG m'y'oc. - I am not a young orc.
These, again, can be used as adverbs, as well as adjectives.
LCSO oc. - They weakly declare war on the orcs.
Haz oc m'ha'akh. - The guard is not a tall orc.
To compare objects to one another, Kh'omchr'om uses the gesture HCMG, signed during the noun being described. It can be translated as the word "more". For instance,
saak-HCMG ar oc. - The guard is quicker than the orc. (or literally)
Guard quick-more of orc.
Oc-HFMR dak-HCMG ar cha. - Orcs are (always) more violent than women.
On the other hand, to form a superlative the gesture is used twice, both signed while the word is being spoken. As an example,
HCMG-kroch-HCMG. - He is the best.
Ogm HCMG-losh-HCMG gob. - The truest moved into the cave.
The possession of objects is express in Kh'omchr'om in two ways:
First, the usage of the
suffix "'om". For some examples,
Resz'haz'om. - The Tomb of the Guards.
Rhom'y'oc'om. - The Plain of the Young Orcs.