Sentence Structure. A proper
sentence in Styrásh requires a verb and a subject.
However, as a verb will often already agree with its subject in person and
number, the subject is sometimes omitted. This is especially true in casual
speech, as well as in poetry, where metrical requirements take precedence. This
sometimes happens with articles and prepositions as well, as long as the
meaning is already clear from the context.
The verb usually comes first in a Styrásh sentence,
followed by the nouns. The order of the nouns is less important, as their roles
are already specified by noun cases and prepositions.
As seen in the above example, changing the
order of the nouns does not change the meaning of the sentence, as their roles
are already indicated by noun cases.
Negation and Emphasis. To form a
negative sentence, one simply modifies the verb with the negative adverb
One can sometimes also find néh being used to modify adjectives or, less
commonly, nouns. The positive counterpart of néh is
áih. It is used like néh,
except with the opposite meaning, providing emphasis rather than negation. Both
néh and áih can also be used alone, where they mean "no" and "yes" respectively.
Causative Sentences. Causative
sentences, as the name suggests, express the meaning of causing something to
happen. Styrásh seems to possess a few methods of producing such sentences.
To expess the idea of causing something to take on the property described by an
adjective, one could add the ending -lán to the adjective. This turns the
adjective into a verb that expresses such a meaning.
There are two additional rules to take note of when using
-lán. First, if the last two sounds of the adjective it is added to is a
vowel followed by n, the n
becomes a l. However, if the last two sounds of the
adjective are both consonant sounds, they remain unchanged, and instead the
ending becomes -elán.
The ending -enán can be used in a similar way.
However, unlike -lán, it can be applied to nouns as
well, and seems to be used this way more often than it is used with adjectives.
It sometimes becomes just -án, especially when the word it is added to already
ends in -en.
Styrásh can also
form causative sentences in a periphrasic way. This is done by using a verb,
such as phoilán "to make" or
tehlán "to cause" or some other verb that more specifically describes the
method of causation. The resulting state is often indicated with the infinitive
forms of styrán "to be" or
nárán "to become", although they are sometimes omitted.
This method can also be used to express the causing of events, rather than just
Conjunctions. Conjunctions are used to
join together parts of a sentence, or even entire sentences. They usually
precede each segment that is being added. A segment headed by a conjunction can
sometimes also be moved to the front, often in order to emphasise it.
Relative Clauses. Relative clauses are
used to modify nouns, providing additional detail about them. For example, in
the phrase "the bird that the cat sees", the bolded
segment is a relative clause modifying the noun "bird". In Styrásh,
relative clauses are often added using the word tú,
which has the possessive form tuís.
Another method that is sometimes employed is to use the participle form of
verbs, as seen in the section on participles.
10th Awakening Earth
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