GHWDAQ'ACH INTRODUCTION ("GHWAD VORK'EKOSHRA")

QUICK REFERENCE: VERBS - NOUNS - PREPOSITIONS

Although the Volkek-Oshra orcs of Ximax often speak Tharian in public, they have a distinct language of their own that they prefer to use amongst themselves. It is known formally as "Ghwad Vork'ekoshra", “Volkek-Oshra Language”, but the full name is seldom used; members of the tribe often refer to it simply as Ghwadaq'ach, “our language”.

In 1578 b.S, the renowned Volkek-Oshra scholar Korchaguk wrote a book detailing its grammar and proposing a new spelling system to replace the ad hoc spellings that were then in use. It quickly gave rise to an effort to standardise the language.

The effort proved successful, and for the first time, there was general agreement over what the proper, standard form of the language was. It is still the basis for what is taught in schools and used in formal situations today, as well as what is described in this entry. However, it should be noted that colloquial forms of the language, often used in informal situations, can be quite different from it.

QUICK REFERENCE: VERBS

Structure: [Subject Prefix] - [Aspect and Mood Prefix] - [Object Prefix] - Verb Root - [Suffixes]

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SUBJECT PREFIXES

Person

Singular

Plural

First Person
"I, we"
q(a) ch(a)
Second Person
"You"
kh(a) sh(a)
Third Person
"His/her/its, they"
a if there is no other prefix
not marked if there is another prefix
kr(a)
Indefinite
"Someone's, something, anyone, anything"
un(a) un(a)
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ASPECT AND MOOD PREFIXES

 

Perfective

Imperfective

Indicative not marked ak(a)
Potential at(a) asj(a)
Imperative oq(a) oq(a)
Prohibitive ogz(a) ogz(a)
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OBJECT PREFIXES

 

Perfective

Imperfective

First Person
"Me, us"
uga eka
Second Person
"You"
ugha uzha
Third Person
"His/her/it, them"
asa osa
Indefinite
"Someone, something, anyone, anything"
ena ena
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SUFFIXES
Causative a(khtu)

Passive

a(shka)

Reflexive a(net)
Reciprocal a(dezh) Return to the top
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QUICK REFERENCE: NOUNS

Plural Suffix: (a)t

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POSSESSIVE SUFFIXES

 

Singular

Plural

First Person
"My, our"
(a)q (a)q'ach
Second Person
"Your"
(a)g (a)gach
Third Person
"His/her/its, their"
(a)z (a)zach
Indefinite
"Someone's, something's, anyone's, anything's"
(a)n (a)n Return to the top
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QUICK REFERENCE: PREPOSITIONS

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PREPOSITIONAL OBJECT SUFFIXES

 

Singular

Plural

First Person
"Mye, us"
(a)n (a)nat
Second Person
"You"
(a)r (a)rat
Third Person
"Him/her/it, them"
not marked (a)dat
Indefinite
"Someone, something, anyone, anything"
(a)nur (a)nur Return to the top
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 Date of last edit 24th Turning Star 1674 a.S.

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