SANTHARIAN MEASURES AND WEIGHTS

LINE MEASURE - WET MEASURE - SEA MEASURE - DRY MEASURE - LAND MEASURE
HEFT MEASURE - TALLY MEASURE - SANTHARIAN CURRENCY

Below you can find an overview on all measures and weights, which are commonly used all over Santharian lands. This weights and measures standard was elaborated and defined under the rule of the Erpheronian King Thar and later on introduced in the United Kingdom of Santharia as well (with only a few minor modifications). Most of these measures are also valid or understood at trading towns of other continents such as Aeruillin or Nybelmar. Additionally to the common measure and weights tables this overview also contains tally measures used to measure precious metals, ore or gems as well as a list of common Santharian currency.

Line Measure is used to measure length, height and distances. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Grain Equals about 2 mm across
Nailsbreadth Equals about one cm (a little smaller than ½ an inch)
Palmspan Equals 1/3 of a fore, about 10 nailsbreadths (10 cm, 1 decimetre)
Fore Equals 1/3 of a ped (33 cm), derives from the term "fore arm"
Ped Equals the distance from King Thar’s breastbone to the tip of his middle finger with one arm outstretched (roughly 1 metre or approx. 3 feet)
Dash Equals 100 peds (100 metres, 300 feet)
Stral Equals 1000 peds (1 km)
League Equals in Santharia 6000 peds (6 km)
Furlay Equals a day's ride or 6 leagues
Cael Equals the purported radius of the disc of Caelereth


Wet Measure is used to measure liquids like alcohol, water, oils and similar things. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Drop Equals a, well, a drop
Sip Equals about a shotglass
Tot Equals ½ a mug, (our "cup")
Mug Equals 2 tots, or 1/3 of a firkin, represents a standard measure for drinks
Firkin Equals a useful bottle-size or 3 mugs (about 6 cups)
Barrel Equals 10 firkins
Tun Equals a very large barrel (2 peds high, volume not standard)


Sea Measure is used to measure distances at sea or other areas which contain liquids. Some of these measures are similar to the Line Measurements (see above). The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Scale Equals about a nailsbreadth (1 cm - 1 inch)
Handspan Equals the Line Measure Palmspan (1/3 of a fore)
Fore Equals the Line Measure Fore (1/3 of a ped), derives from the term "fore arm"
Spandar Equals roughly 2 peds, the extent of a man's arms at full stretch
Fres'cal Equals 5 spandars or 10 peds
Sal'cul Equals roughly the same length as the Line Measure "dash" (100 peds)


Dry Measure is used to measure flour, grains, spices etc. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Pinch Equals a pinch, duh!
Ladle Equals about 1 tablespoon
Scup Equals about ½ a cup
Dipper Equals 2 cups (if water, equal in weight to one "od")
Trencher Equals 10 dippers, or 20 cups
Sack Equals a small cloth bag, a fore long, about 10 ods in weight bargesack - 100 od-weight cloth bag


Land Measure is used to measure areas/surfaces. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Seatprint Equals 1/3 of a ped * 1/3 ped (about one square foot)
Pallet Equals the standard mat and bedding size, 1 ped * 2 peds
Pen Equals 5 peds * 5 peds, represents the space a domestic animal (pig, sheep, goat) needs for living
Hold Equals about 3 dashes or 300 peds on each side, represents the hand-cultivatable area in one day
Powder Equals roughly 1000 peds square, can be plowed in one day
Perry Equals 1 league square, an average plot of land for a small farmer


Heft
Measure is used to measure weights. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Mut Equals the weight of one dried mutnut heart (0.1 pounds or 1.6 ounces)
Od Equals one tenth of a heb (about a pound or half a kilogramme)
Hafeb Equals half a standard heb (roughly five pounds or 2.5 kilogramme)
Heb Equals 10 pounds (5 kg). Heb is the standard large unit of trade weights
Pygge Equals 10 heb or 100 od (100 pounds, 50 kg)


Tally Measure is used to measure precious metals, ore or gems. This measure doesn't have set values,
but represents rather a subjective system, calculated on a complicated three-way sliding scale of quality versus size versus amount. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:

Santharian Measure

Description

Strike Slang name for a san, or copper coin
Minim Equals possibly one silver coin, or a small pearl
Glint, "Quarter-Bright" Equals one poorly minted gold coin, a large turquoise
Gleam, "Half-Bright" Equals a high quality gold coin, a small ruby
Starbright Equals approximately a sack of good copper ore
Moonbright Equals 100 starbrights
Sunbright Equals 10 moonbrights, extremly valuable


Below you can find an overview on
the royal currency currently in circulation and accepted throughout most of the Santharian kingdom:

Santharian Coin

Material

Shape

Value

San Copper Round 1 san, very common
Su Copper Triangle 3 san, less well-known
Erg Brass Square 4 san, less well-known
Od Brass Rectangular 10 san, standard measure
Hak Iron Pentagonal 50 san, 5 od, 1 copperbard
W'aer Silver Hexagonal 100 san, 10 od, 1 silverbard
Nune Gold Octagonal 1000 san, 100 od, 10 silver w'aer, 1 goldbard
Mithrene Mithril Decagonal 100 gold nune, very rare
Copperbard Copper Round 1 od or 50 san
Silverbard Silver Round 1 w'aer or 10 copperbards
Goldbard Gold Round 1 nune or 10 silverbards

Information provided by Bard Judith View Profile