Below you can find an overview on all measures and weights, which are commonly used all over Santharian lands. This weights and measures standard was elaborated and defined under the rule of the Erpheronian King Thar and later on introduced in the United Kingdom of Santharia as well (with only a few minor modifications). Most of these measures are also valid or understood at trading towns of other continents such as Aeruillin or Nybelmar. Additionally to the common measure and weights tables this overview also contains tally measures used to measure precious metals, ore or gems as well as a list of common Santharian currency.
Line Measure is used to measure length, height and distances. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Grain 
Equals about 2 mm across 
Nailsbreadth 
Equals about one cm (a little smaller than ½ an inch) 
Palmspan 
Equals 1/3 of a fore, about 10 nailsbreadths (10 cm, 1 decimetre) 
Fore 
Equals 1/3 of a ped (33 cm), derives from the term "fore arm" 
Ped 
Equals the distance from King Thar’s breastbone to the tip of his middle finger with one arm outstretched (roughly 1 metre or approx. 3 feet) 
Dash 
Equals 100 peds (100 metres, 300 feet) 
Stral 
Equals 1000 peds (1 km) 
League 
Equals in Santharia 6000 peds (6 km) 
Furlay 
Equals a day's ride or 6 leagues 
Cael 
Equals the purported radius of the disc of Caelereth 





Wet Measure is used to measure liquids like alcohol, water, oils and similar things. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Drop 
Equals a, well, a drop 
Sip 
Equals about a shotglass 
Tot 
Equals ½ a mug, (our "cup") 
Mug 
Equals 2 tots, or 1/3 of a firkin, represents a standard measure for drinks 
Firkin 
Equals a useful bottlesize or 3 mugs (about 6 cups) 
Barrel 
Equals 10 firkins 
Tun 
Equals a very large barrel (2 peds high, volume not standard) 





Sea Measure is used to measure distances at sea or other areas which contain liquids. Some of these measures are similar to the Line Measurements (see above). The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Scale 
Equals about a nailsbreadth (1 cm  1 inch) 
Handspan 
Equals the Line Measure Palmspan (1/3 of a fore) 
Fore 
Equals the Line Measure Fore (1/3 of a ped), derives from the term "fore arm" 
Spandar 
Equals roughly 2 peds, the extent of a man's arms at full stretch 
Fres'cal 
Equals 5 spandars or 10 peds 
Sal'cul 
Equals roughly the same length as the Line Measure "dash" (100 peds) 





Dry Measure is used to measure flour, grains, spices etc. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Pinch 
Equals a pinch, duh! 
Ladle 
Equals about 1 tablespoon 
Scup 
Equals about ½ a cup 
Dipper 
Equals 2 cups (if water, equal in weight to one "od") 
Trencher 
Equals 10 dippers, or 20 cups 
Sack 
Equals a small cloth bag, a fore long, about 10 ods in weight bargesack  100 odweight cloth bag 





Land Measure is used to measure areas/surfaces. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Seatprint 
Equals 1/3 of a ped * 1/3 ped (about one square foot) 
Pallet 
Equals the standard mat and bedding size, 1 ped * 2 peds 
Pen 
Equals 5 peds * 5 peds, represents the space a domestic animal (pig, sheep, goat) needs for living 
Hold 
Equals about 3 dashes or 300 peds on each side, represents the handcultivatable area in one day 
Powder 
Equals roughly 1000 peds square, can be plowed in one day 
Perry 
Equals 1 league square, an average plot of land for a small farmer 





Heft Measure is used to measure weights. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Mut 
Equals the weight of one dried mutnut heart (0.1 pounds or 1.6 ounces) 
Od 
Equals one tenth of a heb (about a pound or half a kilogramme) 
Hafeb 
Equals half a standard heb (roughly five pounds or 2.5 kilogramme) 
Heb 
Equals 10 pounds (5 kg). Heb is the standard large unit of trade weights 
Pygge 
Equals 10 heb or 100 od (100 pounds, 50 kg) 





Tally Measure is used to measure precious metals, ore or gems. This measure doesn't have set values, but represents rather a subjective system, calculated on a complicated threeway sliding scale of quality versus size versus amount. The details of this measure can be summarized as follows:



Strike 
Slang name for a san, or copper coin 
Minim 
Equals possibly one silver coin, or a small pearl 
Glint, "QuarterBright" 
Equals one poorly minted gold coin, a large turquoise 
Gleam, "HalfBright" 
Equals a high quality gold coin, a small ruby 
Starbright 
Equals approximately a sack of good copper ore 
Moonbright 
Equals 100 starbrights 
Sunbright 
Equals 10 moonbrights, extremly valuable 





Below you can find an overview on the royal currency currently in circulation and accepted throughout most of the Santharian kingdom:





San 
Copper 
Round 
1 san, very common 
Su 
Copper 
Triangle 
3 san, less wellknown 
Erg 
Brass 
Square 
4 san, less wellknown 
Od 
Brass 
Rectangular 
10 san, standard measure 
Hak 
Iron 
Pentagonal 
50 san, 5 od, 1 copperbard 
W'aer 
Silver 
Hexagonal 
100 san, 10 od, 1 silverbard 
Nune 
Gold 
Octagonal 
1000 san, 100 od, 10 silver w'aer, 1 goldbard 
Mithrene 
Mithril 
Decagonal 
100 gold nune, very rare 
Copperbard 
Copper 
Round 
1 od or 50 san 
Silverbard 
Silver 
Round 
1 w'aer or 10 copperbards 
Goldbard 
Gold 
Round 
1 nune or 10 silverbards 




